Watson’s Philosophy and Science of Caring

Table of Contents

Watson’s Philosophy and Science of Caring Overview

  • Theoretical framework to outline nursing care for patients
  • Nursing is meant to promote and restore health and prevent illness
  • Relational and transpersonal caring relationships
  • Emphasis on moral and philosophical foundations for care
  • Watson emphasized holistic healthcare approach in nursing
  • Nursing – inherently human science

Notes: Jean Watson developed this framework as a human-centered approach to nursing. It is a philosophical and holistic view of people, nursing, and the relationship with patients. Watson sought to include a wide variety of influential health factors as part of the nursing model (Watson Caring Science Institute, n.d.).

Watson’s Philosophy and Science of Caring Assumptions

  • Caring is demonstrated and practiced interpersonally
  • Consists of carative factors which satisfy human needs
  • Promotes health and individual (family) growth
  • Accepts a patient as is and what they may become
  • Environment offers development and gives patient freedom of choice
  • Caring is necessary as part of the science of curing
  • Caring is a central part of nursing

Notes: These seven assumptions are part of the nursing theory which revolves around the aspect of caring. They are part of the care process that includes interaction and treatment of the patient (Nursing Theory, 2016).

Watson’s Philosophy and Science of Caring Carative Factors

  • Loving-kindness and equanimity should be practiced
  • Authentic presence and enabling of a deep belief system
  • Developing spiritual practice and transpersonal self
  • Being supportive of emotional expression
  • Using individuality and knowledge to implement creativity in care
  • A teaching-learning experience should be present
  • Establishing healing environment at every level
  • Engaging care consciousness and fulfilling basic needs
  • Accepting possibility of other dimensions, soul care, and miracles

Notes: These abstract carative factors are essential to the human experience in receiving healthcare from nurses. These can be implemented by nurses through specific processes and actions to meet the needs of the patient (Watson Caring Science Institute, n.d.).

Nursing Paradigms (Person)

  • Focuses on the receiver of care
  • Humans are defined by unique life experiences
  • Includes personal patient connections such as family
  • Encompasses individual spirituality and culture
  • Language, empathy, and caring are communication methods
  • Each person should be understood and respected
  • Stages of human development affect behavior and health

Notes: The premise of the paradigm is that each individual is unique based on social, cultural, and economic background. Furthermore, each human being should be empowered to make informed choices and manage personal health (The College of

Nursing Paradigms (Environment)

  • Focuses on surroundings which may affect the patient
  • Geography and context of the human experience
  • Includes social beliefs, values, and customs
  • Internal and external influences which impact patient
  • Where patient encounters beauty, relationships, and threats to health
  • Interaction with the environment impacts health and wellness

Notes: This part of the nursing metaparadigm suggests that a person can modify environmental factors to improve health. These may include living conditions, economic status, or socio-cultural connections (The College of New Jersey, 2014).

Nursing Paradigms (Health)

  • Dynamic process balancing wellness and illness
  • Defined by health status and access to healthcare
  • Patient’s status within physical, social, and moral realms
  • Aspect is highly contextual and relative to perception
  • Health is in a state of motion
  • Consists of lifespan, genetic composition, and other influencing factors

Notes: This component is referring to the quality and well-being of a patient that is strongly influenced by access to health care services. The health paradigm goes beyond physical well-being and includes emotional, mental, social, and spiritual health (The College of New Jersey, 2014).

Nursing Paradigms (Nursing)

  • Nursing is both an academic discipline and a practical aspect
  • Delivery of best health outcomes for the patient
  • Encompasses a mutual relationship in the safe healthcare environment
  • Consists of application of knowledge and skills
  • Professionalism and communication in the delivery of care
  • Promotes services and integrates with other paradigms

Notes: Nursing is a holistic approach which encompasses knowledge, science, theory, research, and practical skill. At the same time, it is an art which implies creativity and communication. This paradigm seeks to include and promote any aspect of nursing used for the delivery of care in diverse healthcare settings (The College of New Jersey, 2014).


The College of New Jersey. (2014). . Web.

Nursing Theory. (2016). Jean Watson nursing theory. Web.

Watson Caring Science Institute. (n.d.). Core concepts of Jean Watson’s theory of human caring/caring science. Web.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Business and administrative studies
Customer 453201, October 22nd, 2022
Customer 452591, March 18th, 2021
Paper much better compared to the one prior revision request. References need to be no more than the past 5 years.
Customer 452547, July 20th, 2021
Emergency Management
Customer 453015, October 28th, 2022
Business and administrative studies
Customer 453201, November 21st, 2022
English 101
Thank you for this excellent analysis of the Alchemist.
Customer 453213, June 15th, 2022
quick and before due date/time.
Customer 453027, January 29th, 2022
I just need some minor alterations. Thanks.
Customer 452547, February 10th, 2021
Classic English Literature
It was my first time using such a service. Essay was good and nicely formatted.
Customer 452441, February 16th, 2022
Thank you!!! I received my order in record timing.
Customer 452551, February 9th, 2021
I initially had a hard time opening the paper but finally was able to get what i needed.
Customer 453217, October 31st, 2022
Emergency Management
Overall, I think it's a great service. I have yet to submit the assignment, so I don't know what kind of grade I'll get. But customer service was excellent. Reviews were made and the assignment proofed for satisfaction.
Customer 453015, December 15th, 2021
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp