Various Diabetes Management Activities

Diabetes management includes different activities. However, education and support are basic aspects of any treatment plan because the disease requires daily monitoring and control performed by a patient. Such patient-centered measures can successfully address problems related to the development of diabetes. Many studies are conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of existing educational programs for diabetes patients. In the article by Bowen et al. (2016), the authors compared “different approaches to nutrition education in diabetes self-management education and support” (p. 1). They analyzed the impact of self-management education programs that were undertaken by 150 adults with diabetes type 2 and compared them to the impact of general health education. The major indicator was the change in HbA1C for over six months.

The results of the study revealed that HbA1C levels “improved within the plate method [−0.83% (−1.29, −0.33), P<0.001] and carbohydrate counting groups [−0.63% (−1.03, −0.18), P=0.04]” (Bowen et al., 2016, p. 1). Some other results were also important. For example, participants who used the modified plate method significantly lost their weight. Also, satisfaction with the intervention improved in all participants. Finally, diabetes self-efficacy became much higher after three months of interventions. The authors concluded that diabetes self-management education and support programs that are promoted, modified plate method and carbohydrate counting were effective for patients with initial HbA1C levels between 7-10 percent (Bowen et al., 2016, p. 2). However, different factors are pertinent to educational programs. One of the most important is culture. Ethnic minorities require special treatment due to cultural differences. It is especially relevant to Hispanics as diabetes rates among them are considerably higher than among other populations. In the study by Ferguson, Swan, and Smaldone (2015), the authors analyzed the effectiveness of diabetes self-management education interventions “delivered in conjunction with primary care among Hispanic adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus” (p. 1). They conducted systematic research using such databases as PubMed and Cochrane Library.

The authors focused on works and randomized controlled trials that studied the outcomes of diabetes self-management programs undertaken by Hispanics with diabetes type 2. These trials reported changes in A1C after delivering interventions. These data allowed us to conduct a meta-analysis. The review included 625 studies and 13 randomized controlled trials, and the meta-analysis included 11 studies (Ferguson et al., 2015). The population sample in trials was comprised of 2784 adult Hispanics. These studies presented different types of interventions such as individual, group, and phone or online consultations. The interventions were also of different intensity. They varied from 1-time “sessions with phone follow-up to contact every 4 to 6 weeks over 5 years” (Ferguson et al., 2015, p. 1). This study proved the effectiveness of most of these programs. After six months of interventions, the average A1C level decreased by 0.25 (Ferguson et al., 2015). Therefore, the authors concluded that diabetes self-management education in conjunction with primary care could be a highly successful approach to improve health outcomes in Hispanic patients with diabetes type 2. However, they emphasized the importance of future comparative research as it would help to develop better delivery methods. These studies provide relevant data that are necessary for the development of educational programs. They prove that this aspect is crucial in preventing serious complications of diabetes. However, educational approaches still need improvement as they cannot address all the existing problems related to diabetes management.


Bowen, M. E., Cavanaugh, K. L., Wolff, K., Davis, D., Gregory, R. P., Shintani, A.,… Rothman, R. L. (2016). The diabetes nutrition education study randomized controlled trial: A comparative effectiveness study of approaches to nutrition in diabetes self-management education. Patient Education and Counseling, 99(8), 1368-1376.

Ferguson, S., Swan, M., & Smaldone, A. (2015). Does diabetes self-management education in conjunction with primary care improve glycemic control in Hispanic patients? A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Diabetes Educator, 41(4), 472-484.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
English 101
Thank you for this excellent analysis of the Alchemist.
Customer 453213, June 15th, 2022
English 101
very good paper thank you.
Customer 453083, February 18th, 2022
Nice work
Customer 453185, May 21st, 2022
Business and administrative studies
awesome work
Customer 453201, June 15th, 2022
Thank you!!! I received my order in record timing.
Customer 452551, February 9th, 2021
It was a very long paper, but she followed all the instructions, and she even finished the paper 5 days before the due date. Will write an essay with her again, thanks!
Customer 452967, November 27th, 2021
Professions and Applied Sciences
Thanks. This helps a lot. Was a bit late but some cushion was given.
Customer 453015, February 10th, 2022
It was gotten well after time I needed to make needed additions, but it is something that did help me. I could not get the concept of ho to start such a project but now reading this, I was over thinking the project it seems.
Customer 452801, July 19th, 2021
quick, fast and exact!
Customer 453027, May 24th, 2022
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Very well written and very impressed with this service!
Customer 453077, February 16th, 2022
Social Sciences
Very fast report with excellent information on the topic. Thank you for your speedy service in such a short time.
Customer 453213, June 15th, 2022
It's the second time I use this service and it does not let me down. Work quality is so good for its price!
Customer 452985, December 3rd, 2021
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp