The Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing

Introduction

The purpose of the study was to present the nurses’ attitudes and perceptions of their skills regarding the use of evidence-based practices in the administration of healthcare. The study also described the effects of educational preparation on evidence-based practices owing to the influence of educational development on the nurse’s skills in evidence-based practice. The journal lacks the research questions used during the study.

Research Participants

The target population consisted of practicing nurses in West Auckland, New Zealand. The sample size comprised fifty-five nurses. To qualify for selection, nurses ought to be in a general practice setting. Various aspects such as the ethnic origin, age, and frequency of healthcare services were considered in the study.

Research Methodology

The study applied a descriptive quantitative survey. A questionnaire study tool was used to find out the appropriateness of the evidence-based practices in clinical effectiveness. The quantitative approach presented numerical data about the nurses. The survey showed the different types of data collected for the analysis. The method used did not display the sequence of events and time schedule for data collection.

Intervention Test

The study did not examine the participants. Instead, the participants were automatically qualified for nursing positions to work in the primary healthcare institution.

Findings

The findings from the research were a sample for description purposes. The data was presented in tables showing the demographics of the sample population. From the findings, it can be inferred that 63% of the respondents were certified by the hospitals, 13% had diplomas, and 24% possessed degree certifications respectively (Wilkinson & Neville, 2010). This data shows that a majority of the respondents had just practiced knowledge but had no academic qualifications. Furthermore, the study reveals that there was no direct correlation between the knowledge and skills necessary for the nursing practice and reading of the professional journal. The length of training positively correlated with the registration as a nurse.

Discussion of Findings

We can infer that both knowledge and skills are imperative to the implementation of the evidence-based practice. Various components of the practice required positive attitudes and educational preparation of the nurses. This state of affairs can be attributed to the contribution of education towards the understanding of evidence-based practice. These findings relate to other research findings on the same question.

Credibility

The journal is not peer-reviewed. In the context of the case, a peer-reviewed journal should have included the evaluation of the registered nurses’ perceptions and attitudes towards the workability of the evidence-based practices in the administration of health services. It should have also provided various standard regulations to improve the quality and competence of the nurses. Instead, the journal just analyzes the impact of their attitudes on the operation of the evidence-based practice.

Appropriateness of the Design

The design used does not seem appropriate for the research questions. This situation can be attributed to the exemption of the study questions from the journal. A random sampling design was suitable for the particular study to bring out the characteristics that should have represented the whole population of nurses.

Ability to meet the Purpose

The data obtained for data analysis brought out different correlations between the nurses’ attitudes and perceptions of the workability of the evidence-based practice. The quantitative analysis further shows their impact on the delivery of healthcare.

Selection of the Participants

The selection criterion for the nurses to participate in the study shows an attempt to influence the findings. It appeared obvious that the level of education and length of service affected the perception of the evidence-based practice. The research findings were influenced directly by choosing a high proportion of the sample to be the certified nurses in the hospital.

Reliability and Validity of the Research Tool

The study involved the administration of questionnaires to collect data from the respondents (Wilkinson & Neville, 2010). The survey lacked reliability as the results of the research were not valid. Since it was a case study, the approach used was quantitative. It was hard to judge the validity of the research tool since it was equally difficult to find out whether the explanations were a part of the questions in the questionnaire. The reliability of the data collection process was also undefined.

Control of Bias

The study does not provide any mechanism to control the bias. The nurses easily brought in unnecessary extraneous variables that had a significant influence on the overall results of the study. Moreover, the ethical considerations were missing from the study. In this case, the respondents were not ethically bound to provide the correct information.

How the Research Process influenced the Findings

The way the study was conducted leaves many unanswered questions regarding the reliability of the results. First, the researcher did not consult the available literature to see what other researchers had proposed about the evidence-based practice. Perhaps, this situation caused a considerable waste of resources and duplication of knowledge. In addition, the failure to use the appropriate sampling methods showed an attempt to influence the findings of the research.

The Consistency of Findings

The results were consistent with those of the previous studies. They probably indicated a calculation that the researcher performed to develop findings consistent with the previous results to avoid criticism. The results also seemed manipulated to fit certain scales of reliability.

Credibility per Study Finding

Education level and skills relevant to the implementation of the evidence-based practice

In this case, the finding revealed that the length of practicing in the primary healthcare had a negative correlation with the skills gained to help in determining the feasibility of the evidence-based practice. This underpinning indicated some credibility in the findings.

Nurses attitudes towards the working of the evidence-based practices

In this case, the findings were credible. The attitudes were of a personal nature that did not relate to the skills and length of service (Wilkinson & Neville, 2010). In addition, the attitudes lacked statistical significances in the other variables. The individual findings of the research were also credible. They brought about an integration of the findings with the existing knowledge of the evidence-based practice.

Conclusion

In conclusion, I agree with the findings presented in the article “Discussion and Implications for Nursing Practice, Policy, and Research”. The areas that need to be addressed in this study include the methodology and selection of participants. These are the only parts that lose the credibility of the research as they expose issues of influencing the findings. As a result, future researchers should pay attention to the methodology of research and selection of respondents to avoid losing the valued credibility of the research. If the study is carried out in the United States of America, the researchers will obtain similar results. The findings in the study depict the general characteristics of the whole nursing population.

Reference

Wilkinson, P., & Neville, S. (2010). Practice Nurse Use of Evidence in Clinical Practice: A Descriptive Survey. Nursing Praxis in New Zealand, 26(2), 14-25.

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