The Environmental Hazard: Health and Safety Promotion

Unsafe Drinking Water and Poor Sanitation: Facts and Causes

  • Many people do not have access to drinking water;
  • Health risks are often exacerbated by poor sanitation;
  • Urban solid waste disposal poses a threat too;
  • Social inequality plays a role in providing access;
  • Urban sprawl makes it costly to build infrastructure.

Note: The World Health Organization (2020) estimates that as many as 785 million people lack access to even basic water resources, with some 144 million depending on surface water. Health risks are exacerbated by poor sanitation: the WHO (2020) reports that 100 million urban dwellers still practice open defecation. Urban solid waste disposal is still an issue and needs to be improved to increase water quality. Urban sprawl, or uncontrolled urban growth, makes it harder to build infrastructure, and low-income neighborhoods suffer the most.

Unsafe Drinking Water and Poor Sanitation: Adverse Effects

  • Contaminants enter the water through various means;
  • Contaminated drinking water causes many deaths;
  • Contaminated water carries a lot of diseases;
  • For some, there are no immediate symptoms;
  • Contaminated water is especially harmful to children.

Note: The World Health Organization (2020) reports that diarrhea from contaminated water causes 500,000 deaths worldwide per year. Consuming contaminated water leads to gastrointestinal problems, nausea, cramps, pain, and dehydration (Ashbolt, 2015).

Health Promotion Plan: Evaluation

  • Community-based intervention requires household evaluation;
  • It can be done with home improvement campaigns;
  • Mobilizers can carry out home to home visits;
  • During home visits, risk factors are assessed;
  • Dwellers are warned about the implications.

Note: Household evaluation under the home improvement campaign is a preventive measure that also serves educational purposes. Some factors to watch out for include maintenance of restrooms, personal hygiene, solid waste management, and water quality and drainage.

Health Promotion Plan: Clean Up Exercises

  • Warning each individual household is not sufficient;
  • Intervention needs to be at the community level;
  • Group effort is more efficient than individual effort;
  • It promotes the right cause;
  • It mobilizes the community and sets a precedent.

Note: The clean-up exercises include but are not limited to sweeping the territory, creating drainage channels, and obliterating overgrown vegetation (Musoke et al., 2018). Reduced waste will avert the vector breeding of rodents and insects that contaminate the water.

Safety Promotion through Water Quality Assessment

  • A single intervention is not enough;
  • Instead, communities need continuous improvement;
  • Improvement is only possible through ongoing assessment;
  • Water quality improvement is a mutual effort;
  • Both the government and dwellers shall take part.

Note: The local government needs to collaborate with laboratories and set standards for drinking water. Locals responsible for water resources need to learn how to use them in a healthy way.

Safety Promotion through Chlorination

  • Boiling water can help purify it;
  • Boiling is not always possible;
  • Some communities may benefit from chlorination;
  • Chlorine tablets can be introduced;
  • They are safe and easy to use.

Note: In some of the poorest neighborhoods, people struggle to even boil water to improve its quality. In this case, they can resort to chlorine tablets such as Aquasafe that are appropriate for purifying drinking water (Musoke et al., 2018).

Protecting Infants: Washing Hands

  • Protecting infants starts from simple routines;
  • Family members need to improve hygiene;
  • Handwashing plays a crucial role in promoting health;
  • Handwashing prevents the transfer of bacteria;
  • It averts gastrointestinal diseases in babies.

Note: Promoting hygiene routines as simple as handwashing can be largely beneficial for communities. It also sets a positive example for children who repeat after older family members.

Protecting Infants: Examining Their Stool

  • Diarrhea is dangerous for infants;
  • Health workers need to be trained for examination;
  • Parents should also be literate;
  • Prompt referral to a specialist saves lives;
  • Health services availability is important too.

Note: Eradicating diarrhea, a treatable but often deadly disease, is possible through unifying efforts. Parents need to be educated on intoxication symptoms and seek help as soon as possible.

Protecting Infants: Watching out for Dehydration

  • Diarrhea can lead to dehydration;
  • Infants are especially vulnerable to dehydration;
  • Contaminated water can cause diarrhea;
  • Parents need to control water quality;
  • Parents need to keep track of feedings.

Note: Infants’ small bodies cannot retain a lot of fluids; therefore, it is important to keep them hydrated. Keeping track of feedings is essential to this intervention, but what is more critical is knowing the quality of water that babies are exposed to.

Sources for Health Promotion

  • USA: National Water Quality Program monitors water quality, detects problems, and offers solutions. It uses technology in modeling contamination and funds research at the state level;
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID) promotes hygiene and changes people’s behaviors to make them more proactive;
  • Healthy Schools, Healthy People, It’s a SNAP! Awards Program helps prevent school absenteeism due to diseases caused by poor sanitation and hygiene habits. It offers solutions for schools that want to promote health literacy in students;
  • Healthy Schools, Healthy People by CDC;
  • The Water Project is a source for teachers wishing to incorporate environmental and health literacy in their lesson plans.

References

Ashbolt, N. J. (2015). Microbial contamination of drinking water and human health from community water systems. Current Environmental Health Reports, 2(1), 95-106.

Musoke, D., Ndejjo, R., Halage, A. A., Kasasa, S., Ssempebwa, J. C., & Carpenter, D. O. (2018). Drinking water supply, sanitation, and Hygiene promotion interventions in two slum communities in Central Uganda. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2018, 1-9.

The World Health Organization. (2020). Unsafe drinking-water, sanitation and waste management. Web.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Criminal Justice
This has been the greatest help while I am recovering from an illness. Thank your team so much.
Customer 452671, May 2nd, 2021
Marketing
I initially had a hard time opening the paper but finally was able to get what i needed.
Customer 453217, October 31st, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Great work I would love to continue working with this writer thought out the 11 week course.
Customer 452667, May 30th, 2021
Business Studies
Paper is great. Just only needed the one reference. Thank you
Customer 453139, May 4th, 2022
Human Resources Management (HRM)
My son and I have been sick for two weeks, of course at the end of my semester. I am so grateful that myhomeworkgeeks were able to help! Both papers got A's and I couldn't be more thrilled! Thank you so much and don't forget to tip your writer!
Customer 453077, February 22nd, 2022
Nursing
Impressive writing
Customer 452547, February 6th, 2021
English 101
Thank you for this excellent analysis of the Alchemist.
Customer 453213, June 15th, 2022
Nursing
Usually, references need to be within the past 5 years. Thank you :)
Customer 452547, July 16th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
excellent
Customer 453201, October 22nd, 2022
Management
Thank you!!! I received my order in record timing.
Customer 452551, February 9th, 2021
English 101
thank you for the excellent work
Customer 452883, October 29th, 2021
Nursing
It was a very long paper, but she followed all the instructions, and she even finished the paper 5 days before the due date. Will write an essay with her again, thanks!
Customer 452967, November 27th, 2021
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp