The Concept of Acute Kidney Injury

Introduction

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious health issue characterized by the loss of kidney function because of the damage to the kidney issue done by the decreased blood flow, inflammatory process, or an obstruction of the urinary tract (Thornburg & Gray-Vickrey, 2016). The given state can be dangerous for a patient.

Acute Kidney Disease or Injury Disease Description

It is a severe medical problem that is followed by renal blood flow or inflammation as the main symptoms (Thornburg & Gray-Vickrey, 2016). The causes for the emergence of the given problem can be different. These include hyperfusion, hypersensitivity reactions, or direct injury (Vrtis, 2013). If left untreated, lethal outcomes can be observed.

AKI Manifestations

The disease is accompanied by a sudden change in kidney functions, acute pain, the feeling of discomfort, and a significant decrease in urinary output (Thornburg & Gray-Vickrey, 2016). At the same time, the rise in serum creatinine can be observed (Thornburg & Gray-Vickrey, 2016). All these symptoms might emerge within 48 hours.

Risk Factors

There are several risk factors traditionally associated with the disease. These include the elderly age, previous heart or liver failures, diabetes, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, or black race (Chawla, Eggers, Star, & Kimmel, 2014). At the same time, the use of intravascular radiocontrast agents can cause serious damage to the kidneys.

Individual Predisposition to the Disease

There are also people who are predisposed to AKI because of the specific cell types, vascular endothelial growth factor, use of drugs, or peculiarities of the urinary system (Chawla et al., 2014). Moreover, black ethnicities should also be aware of the problem as they belong to the risk group.

Clinical Review

By the relevant statistics, AKI comprises 8-16% of hospital admissions (Sawhney & Fraser, 2017). Specialists also admit the relation between AKI and chronic kidney disease and the absence of a genetic factor (Sawhney & Fraser, 2017). The success of treatment depends on the stage and clinical testing.

Treatment Plan

There are different approaches to treatment. They might include intravenous fluid administration at early stages, and dialysis to assist the patient (Vrtis, 2013). At the same time, Nephrotoxicity should be taken into account.

Nursing Interventions

Nurses should determine the risk factors in patients to discover the causes for the development of the disease. It is also critical to measure the serum creatinine level as one of the indicators of the disease. Patients should be recommended to avoid using drugs with strong reactions and provided with primary care.

Measures Taken after Surgical Interventions

After the surgical treatment, the urine output should be measured hourly and health indicators monitored (Vrtis, 2013). At the same time, the comprehensive and permanent care with intravenous treatment and control over the disease’s development should be aligned.

Necessary Patient Education

All patients should be educated about the existing risk factors and self-help before and after interventions (Chawla et al., 2014). It becomes an effective intervention at all stages. Finally, the importance of nurses’ assistance should be outlined (Thornburg & Gray-Vickrey, 2016).

Literature Review Results Sources Evaluation

Only peer-reviewed articles published in nursing journals and not more than five years old were used for the project. It guaranteed the relevance and the high credibility of data. Three primaries and one secondary source were utilized.

Differences Among Sources

Primary sources are used to collect valuable information about the pathophysiology and manifestations of the disease. At the same time, both primary and secondary sources contribute to the success of discussing the selected topic.

Research Recommendations

For further search, more sources can be needed. It is also critical to include cultural considerations in the report. At the same time, it is essential to assess the current clinical situation to formulate credible outcomes.

Conclusion

AKI remains a dangerous disease with the specific individual risk factors and symptoms that are assessed in the project. There is a need for certain nursing and physician’s interventions as well as patient education to solve the problem that remains urgent today.

References

Chawla, L. S., Eggers, P. W., Star, R. A., & Kimmel, P. L. (2014). Acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease as interconnected syndromes. New England Journal of Medicine, 371(1), 58-66. Web.

Sawhney, S., & Fraser, S. (2017). Epidemiology of AKI: Utilizing large databases to determine the burden of AKI. Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, 24(4), 194-204. Web.

Thornburg, B., & Gray-Vickrey, P. (2016). Acute kidney injury. Nursing, 46(6), 24-34. Web.

Vrtis, M. (2013). Preventing and responding to acute kidney injury. AJN, American Journal of Nursing, 113(4), 38-47. Web.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Education
N/A
Customer 453057, May 23rd, 2022
English 101
very good paper thank you.
Customer 453083, February 18th, 2022
Social Sciences
Very fast report with excellent information on the topic. Thank you for your speedy service in such a short time.
Customer 453213, June 15th, 2022
Business Studies
Paper is great. Just only needed the one reference. Thank you
Customer 453139, May 4th, 2022
Nursing
I just need some minor alterations. Thanks.
Customer 452547, February 10th, 2021
Nursing
It was a very long paper, but she followed all the instructions, and she even finished the paper 5 days before the due date. Will write an essay with her again, thanks!
Customer 452967, November 27th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Very well written and very impressed with this service!
Customer 453077, February 16th, 2022
Humanities
Thank youuuu
Customer 452729, May 30th, 2021
English 101
Thank you for this excellent analysis of the Alchemist.
Customer 453213, June 15th, 2022
Sociology
THANK YOUUUUU
Customer 452591, March 18th, 2021
Psychology
quick, fast and exact!
Customer 453027, May 24th, 2022
Business Studies
Thank you very much for a good job done and a quick turn around time.
Customer 452615, March 31st, 2021
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp