Teen Pregnancy and Decision-Making

Table of Contents

Abstract

This paper is focused on the issue of teen pregnancy. It reveals the most important statistics associated with this problem to emphasize the necessity to pay attention to it. The influence of family and individual context on the occurrence of this situation is discussed so that a range of major predictors of teen pregnancy can be outlined. In addition to that, pregnancy resolution is revealed in the paper. The focus is made on the elements that make girls decide whether they want to have a child, terminate their pregnancy, or consider the possibility of adoption. Moreover, the development of the Internet is described as one of the solutions that reduce teen pregnancy rates.

The Issue of Teen Pregnancy

Teenage pregnancy is believed to be a serious issue that occurs when a girl who is about 13-19 years old turns out to be pregnant. Even though people tend to think that it is good to have a baby, females of this age are not yet ready to become mothers, considering that physical, psychological, and social state. Moreover, girls are more vulnerable to postpartum depression than adult women, which affects their well-being (Kim, Connolly, & Tamim, 2014).

Akella (2016) mentions that the teen pregnancy rates in the US have decreased significantly (by more than 70%) since the 1990s. Nevertheless, they remain higher than in the other countries. In 2012, there were approximately 3,500 births to females aged 10-14 years, 86,500 births to females aged 15-17, and 219,000 births to females aged 18-19 (Akella, 2016). More than 70% of all births in the USA in 2012 were to 18-19-years-old girls, which presupposes that additional interventions are required to prevent teen pregnancy.

The USA is a multicultural country that unites people with different backgrounds. Additional research developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reveals that girls who represent racial and ethnic minorities have higher rates of teenage pregnancy than European Americans. In particular, African American and Hispanic youth are affected. While representing only 35% of all American girls of this age, they contribute to almost 60% of total pregnancies among this population (Akella, 2016). The reasons for this discrepancy are likely to be associated with the problems faced by American minorities. For instance, they are often affected by poverty, poor education, and limited access to healthcare services.

Individual and Family Context

Adolescent pregnancy can be associated with numerous issues that are faced by teenagers. Sámano et al. (2017) reveal that many girls start having sexual relations because they lacked attention from their family. It can be associated with the absence of a parent or with their poor interaction associated with the demanding work, for example. Moreover, those parents who have more than 4 children may find it difficult to pay enough attention to all of them, which leads to early sexual activity. Feeling lonely or suffering from physical or emotional violence, teenagers tend to search for love and positive experiences outside of their families.

Conflictive relationships reveal inefficient social support and contribute to teen pregnancy, as children of this age require additional attention and guidance. They require people with whom they can share their feelings and emotions. Parents’ involvement in sexual education and access to healthcare services also matters because many girls lack associated information, which prevents them from developing healthy relationships with people of the opposite gender.

A predictor of teen pregnancy is the family’s history of pregnancy. Sámano et al. (2017) presuppose that those girls whose relatives had children during adolescence are more likely to have the same event than others. This fact can be associated with the repetition of issues faced by several generations, such as lack of access to healthcare or poor economic condition. It is also possible that in these families, girls develop more positive views towards teen pregnancy and believe that it is normal to have children been very young.

Some adolescent females do not use contraceptives intentionally. Having poor relationships with their relatives, they are willing to create loving families and are waiting to become mothers. Unfortunately, rather often, these fantasies fail to become a reality, and girls start feeling used. As a result, they have to decide whether they want to keep a child or not.

Pregnancy Resolutions

Girls who are going to have children consider different matters when they think about pregnancy resolution. For instance, those teens who have unstable relationships with their boyfriends tend to pay more attention to the piece of advice provided by their families. In the majority of cases, they turn out to be dependent on their relatives, that is why they have no opportunity to make this decision themselves. In fact, the relationship with the father of a baby turns out to have the greatest influence on girls and the most important determinant that affects their desired resolution (Loke & Lam, 2014).

In this way, girls who have stable relationships with their boyfriends and are supported by their families so that they obtain an opportunity to have enough finances for their future tend to create a new family. In other cases, the possibility of termination or adoption often occurs to be more desirable. If girls have someone to support them during pregnancy, they select the second option. However, those teens who have poor relations with their relatives tend to terminate a pregnancy.

It is also important to consider that the development of the high-speed Internet benefited teenage populations, as they received an opportunity to improve their decisions associated with sexual activities and pregnancy (Guldi & Herbst, 2017).

For instance, girls received an opportunity to improve their knowledge of the use of contraception and sexual health. The access to information improved due to the Internet, and teens became able to discuss their romantic relationships with people who had similar experiences without being afraid to be bullied by peers. Moreover, girls have to leave school when they become pregnant because of their health condition and the necessity to take care of a child. Due to the development of the Internet, the possibility of online education became possible, which provided girls with an additional opportunity to graduate and be able to find a well-paid job.

Conclusion

Thus, it can be stated that teen pregnancy is usually faced by girls who represent American minorities and have similar experiences in the previous generations or poor relations with their families. Depending on the obtained support, these future mothers make their decision to have a child, terminate a pregnancy, or consider the possibility of adoption. Even though with the development of the Internet, the rates of teen pregnancy decreased significantly due to the possibility to obtain more information related to the topic and discuss associated problems with others, additional interventions are still required.

References

Akella, D. (2016). Children having children: A case study. Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies, 22(1), 45-50.

Guldi, M., & Herbst, C. (2017). Offline effects of online connecting: The impact of broadband diffusion on teen fertility decisions. Journal of Population Economics, 30(1), 69-91.

Kim, T., Connolly, J., & Tamim, H. (2014). The effect of social support around pregnancy on postpartum depression among Canadian teen mothers and adult mothers in the maternity experiences survey. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14(1), 162-181.

Loke, A., & Lam, P. (2014). Pregnancy resolutions among pregnant teens: Termination, parenting or adoption? BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14(1), 421-450.

Sámano, R., Martínez-Rojano, H., Robichaux, D., Rodríguez-Ventura, A., Sánchez-Jiménez, B., de la Luz Hoyuela, M.,… Segovia, S. (2017). Family context and individual situation of teens before, during and after pregnancy in Mexico City. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 17(1), 382-398.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
English 101
IThank you
Customer 452631, April 6th, 2021
Health Care
awesome work
Customer 452777, October 14th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Always great! My son has been in critical health these last few semesters. Many times I have thought he wasn't going to make it and thought about quitting or postponing school until he was healthier but it always happens to be in the middle of the semester. This service has been a lifesaver for my mindset in helping keep my grades up and keep my son alive at the same time. I don't know if I could have made it through this period without it.
Customer 453077, June 6th, 2022
Business Studies
Thank you so much! I had to take my dog to the ER and had no time for the assignment. I really appreciate your help! I can't thank you enough! I really appreciate the work and integrity put into it. Thank you for taking it seriously and not bullshiting the paper.
Customer 452815, July 26th, 2021
History
Thank you. No issues
Customer 453139, April 17th, 2022
Nursing
Paper much better compared to the one prior revision request. References need to be no more than the past 5 years.
Customer 452547, July 20th, 2021
Management
It was gotten well after time I needed to make needed additions, but it is something that did help me. I could not get the concept of ho to start such a project but now reading this, I was over thinking the project it seems.
Customer 452801, July 19th, 2021
Nursing
It was a very long paper, but she followed all the instructions, and she even finished the paper 5 days before the due date. Will write an essay with her again, thanks!
Customer 452967, November 27th, 2021
Criminal Justice
This has been the greatest help while I am recovering from an illness. Thank your team so much.
Customer 452671, May 2nd, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
My son and I have been sick for two weeks, of course at the end of my semester. I am so grateful that myhomeworkgeeks were able to help! Both papers got A's and I couldn't be more thrilled! Thank you so much and don't forget to tip your writer!
Customer 453077, February 22nd, 2022
Management
Love this writer!!! Great work
Customer 452597, April 5th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
I finished the first deliverable of a project presentation but had no time to finish my second deliverable. The writer revamped my first deliverable and made it much more appealing! Not only was I impressed with the content but I was so grateful for the time they took to redo the background. I have been under a lot of pressure at work and at home so this has been a great service when I have had little time! I appreciate the detail and help! Always on time and always exceeding expectations!
Customer 453077, April 5th, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
AllEscortAllEscort
Live ChatWhatsApp
AllEscort