Samoa Measles Outbreak

Table of Contents

Measles is characterized by the swiftness of its transmission, infecting 9 out of 10 unvaccinated people if exposed to them. Symptoms consist of a combination of a rash and fever, and it may also produce cold-like symptoms. In severe cases, measles can lead to brain damage, diarrhea, and pneumonia (The Measles & Rubella Initiative, 2019). This means children are particularly vulnerable to measles and at risk if not vaccinated. Decision-makers should pass legislation mandating the vaccination of all pre-school and school-aged children to combat this risk (The Measles & Rubella Initiative, 2019). This could create a vaccination “herd effect” by limiting the spread of measles in a community, which has spillover effects for any non-vaccinated individuals. Furthermore, measles outbreaks can be identified through a global surveillance system. Such a system would benefit from tracking the genetic sequence of the measles virus around the world. Despite the global efforts, millions of children have not been vaccinated in 2018 alone (“Over 13 Million Children”, n.d.). Due to the risk to infants associated with measles, vaccination is on the primary level of Public Health practice.

History of Samoa Measles Outbreak

The measles outbreak has affected many countries around the globe. The Independent State of Samoa is a Polynesian island country comprised of two central islands, Savai’i and Upolu, and numerous small deserted islands (“Samoa Country Profile,” 2019). Despite the number of islands forming the country, approximately 195,000 people live in the state of Samoa. Samoan and English are considered to be the two official languages. Traditionally, Samoans participate in a communal way of living, engaging in projects, and daily-routines collectively. The central religion of the Samoan society is Christianity.

Moreover, the country has been shocked by the deadly measles outbreak in 2019. The virus spread over the state with 5,707 confirmed cases and 83 deaths (“2019 Samoa Measles Outbreak”, 2020). The vaccination helps prevent this extremely contagious infection; however, just 31 percent of Samoans were protected when the virus hit in October (McNamara, 2019). Such a vaccination rate was prompted by the anti-vaccination campaign that developed in 2018. The movement started when two newborns died after nurses mistakenly mixed the vaccines with different medications (ZDoggMD, 2019). The event intensified the global spread of conspiracies related to vaccines. Currently, the measles vaccine is compulsory in the state of Samoa. Health professionals worldwide have been mobilized to vaccinate the population quickly. Samoan government reports that 93 percent of Samoans were successfully vaccinated (McNamara, 2019). Various international organizations, including UNICEF, have used the emergency fund provided by the United Nations to vaccinate parents and infants contaminated with the virus.

Global Response and Public Health Interventions

In response to the large-scale measles outbreak in Samoa, the local authorities declared a state of emergency on November 15. Under this state of emergency, quarantine-like measures were introduced, including banning children younger than 14 from attending public events. Additionally, any child younger than 14 traveling between islands must show proof of immunization before they are allowed to board any boats or ferries (Schnirring, 2019). This is an individual/family level screening intervention as families would need to acquire proof of immunization to be allowed to move between islands (Schaffer & Strohschein, 2019). Such measures, in turn, would encourage families to vaccinate themselves.

Furthermore, the Samoan government limited most public utilities so that government workers would be free to assist with a compulsory vaccination effort. Priority was given to young people and international travelers (Montgomery, 2019). This is a systems-level policy delegated functions intervention as it required non-medical workers to temporarily switch to medical work at a governmental level (Schaffer & Strohschein, 2019). The goal of this intervention was to limit further risk to inhabitants of Samoa by vaccinating the population as soon as possible.

Lastly, the Samoan government instituted international travel restrictions, mandating that incoming travels must show proof of immunization. Without such confirmation, travelers would not be allowed in Samoa. This intervention targeted all potential travelers to Samoa. This is systems-level policy development and enforcement intervention as it must be enforced by Samoan port and air travel officials and agencies (Schaffer & Strohschein, 2019). The goal of the intervention was to contain any new influx of measles within the country.

HP 2030, US Measles Risks and Conclusion

The measles outbreak is not only a danger to island states but an emerging global threat due to the misinformation. The Healthy People 2030 target figure for the United States is zero epidemic cases (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, n.d.). In comparison, in 2019, the reported number of measles cases was 1282 and 12 cases in 2020 (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020). To summarize, the United States is far from reaching the desired goal, as the numbers increase yearly. The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine was confirmed to be an extremely efficient way of preventing outbreaks (Slisco, 2019). Medical experts believe that a contemporary rise in the anti-vaccine thinking has possibly contributed to the high number of cases in the United States. Lastly, pre-school parents should be exposed to an essential public health message that measles cases must be cut down from thousand to a zero.

References

(2020). In Wikipedia. Web.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Web.

McNamara, A. (2019). CBS News. Web.

Montgomery, B. (2019). Daily Beast. Web.

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (n.d.). Healthy People 2030. Web.

(2020). The Measles & Rubella Initiative. Web.

(2019). BBC. Web.

Schaffer, M., & Strohschein, S. (2019). . (2nd ed.). Minnesota Department of Health. Web.

Schnirring, L. (2019). Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy. Web.

Slisco, A. (2019). Newsweek. Web.

(2019). Web.

ZDoggMD. (2019). [Video]. YouTube. Web.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Emergency Management
Overall, I think it's a great service. I have yet to submit the assignment, so I don't know what kind of grade I'll get. But customer service was excellent. Reviews were made and the assignment proofed for satisfaction.
Customer 453015, December 15th, 2021
Business Management
Awesome job, Thank you
Customer 453201, June 12th, 2022
Sociology
THANK YOUUUUU
Customer 452591, March 18th, 2021
Nursing
I just need some minor alterations. Thanks.
Customer 452547, February 10th, 2021
Nursing
thank you so much
Customer 452749, June 10th, 2021
Management
Thank you!!! I received my order in record timing.
Customer 452551, February 9th, 2021
Health Care
awesome work
Customer 452777, October 14th, 2021
Management
It's the second time I use this service and it does not let me down. Work quality is so good for its price!
Customer 452985, December 3rd, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Although it took 2 revisions I am satisfied but I did receive it late because of that.
Customer 452603, March 25th, 2021
Nursing
It was a very long paper, but she followed all the instructions, and she even finished the paper 5 days before the due date. Will write an essay with her again, thanks!
Customer 452967, November 27th, 2021
Criminal Justice
This has been the greatest help while I am recovering from an illness. Thank your team so much.
Customer 452671, May 2nd, 2021
Economics
Nice work
Customer 453185, May 21st, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
AllEscortAllEscort
Live ChatWhatsApp
AllEscort