Potential Health Risks and Appropriateness of Bariatric Surgery

Clinical Manifestations

The 32-year male is 68 inches tall and weighs 134.5 kg. According to Apovian (2016), Mr. C.’s body mass index (BMI) is 45.4 kg/m squared, which falls under the category of obese patients. Mr. C. has elevated blood pressure of 172/98, and a relatively increased hear rate of 88. Also, the patient’s fasting blood glucose 146 mg/dL is above normal and reaches the level of prediabetes. The total cholesterol of 250 mg/dL is considered higher than normal. The patient’s complaints about his obesity, sleep apnea, swollen ankles, and shortness of breath he has experienced recently, combined with the objectively identified clinical manifestations, allow for determining potential health risks.

The patient with obesity, given his vital signs and clinical symptoms, is exposed to multiple health threats. Firstly, the development of cardiovascular conditions is of high probability due to the observed elevated heart rate, blood pressure, and cholesterol level. A high level of glucose in Mr. C.’s blood indicates the risk for the development of diabetes. Also, according to Apovian (2016), obese patients are likely to have hypothyroidism and cancer. Thus, the patient needs to lose weight to eliminate the risk of developing the listed diseases. Ultimately, bariatric surgery is appropriate for Mr. C. given his current condition, failed attempts to lose weight in the past, and his willingness to eliminate the threats of chronic diseases. As research demonstrates, bariatric surgery “results in dramatic weight loss, improvements in peripheral tissue insulin sensitivity, and diabetes remission in a large percentage of patients” (Coen et al., 2018, p. 262). Therefore, the patient’s administration to the surgery will allow for obtaining significant benefits for his health in the long-term perspective.

Functional Health Patterns Assessment

The patient’s functional health patterns include the evaluation of the decisive areas of life associated with his health status. From the perspective of health perception, Mr. C. perceives himself as an unhealthy individual, whose obesity causes discomfort, becomes a physical and psychological burden, and leads to comorbidities. The patient’s health management is manifested through his desire to obtain information on his current state, willingness to keep to a diet, and be operated to lose weight. However, the patient does not report any efforts in attempting to combat his sleeping disorder, which might result in severe mental health complications in the future (Apovian, 2016). The nutritional, functional patterns are manifested through the patient’s dieting and concern with sodium that is addressed as a threat to his health. The indicators and vital signs demonstrate Mr. C.’s metabolic issues that might lead to more severe digestive conditions in the future. The lack of information on elimination does not allow for making a conclusion.

Activity patterns are assumed as insufficient since the patient reports swollen ankles and shortness of breath that might be obstructing when exercising. A well-structured schedule of exercising appropriate for the patient’s condition might improve his weight loss journey and eliminate the risks for comorbidities. Sleep apnea is a significant issue that might result in depressive disorder and other mental health problems and should be timely addressed. Cognitive-perceptual and self-perceptual domains are manifested through the discomfort and dissatisfaction of Mr. C. with his current body image, as well as his health status. His desire to obtain professional assistance indicates his awareness of the potential risks he is at. The patient’s marital status is unknown; however, it is necessary to ensure support provided to him during and after the surgery that will improve the chances of overcoming post-surgical pain, psychological burden, and increase stress tolerance.

Staging of End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and Contributing Factors

End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is one of the conditions that impact multiple populations and is characterized by several contributing factors. While diabetes is one of the leading causes of ESRD, other conditions play the roles of contributors (Lee et al., 2018). They include “hypertension, glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract, vesicoureteral reflux, recurrent pyelonephritis” (Benjamin & Lappin, 2020, para. 2). Since Mr. C. is at risk of developing diabetes, ESRD is a threat to his future health. The staging of the disease is manifested in five stages differing in the level of GFR. The first stage is kidney damage with normal GFR, the second is a mild reduction in GFR, the third is characterized by a moderate reduction in GFR, the fourth stage is a severe reduction in GFR, and stage five is a renal failure (Benjamin & Lappin, 2020). Thus, ESRD prevention is relevant to Mr. C.’s treatment plan.

ESRD Prevention and Health Promotion Opportunities

The most common ESRD prevention opportunities are associated with leading a healthy lifestyle aimed at reducing body fat and adhering to nutritious dieting. To avoid deterioration of renal status, Mr. C. must control his blood pressure, cholesterol level, and diet. Regular exercising and cessation of harmful habits are of great importance. The most important issue at this stage is losing weight, which will ensure the achievement of positive results in other preventative areas.

Resources Available for ESRD Patients

Competent multidisciplinary care is necessary for patients at risk of ESRD to manage their conditions and eliminate the threat of the disease. The multifaceted nature of the factors contributing to the development of the disease necessitates the work of professionals in the fields of metabolic, cardiovascular, mental health, and other areas to ensure a complex approach. Among the resources available to ESRD patients, there are multiple informative domains and such organizations as the National Kidney Foundation, the American Kidney Fund, and others.


Apovian, C. M. (2016). Obesity: Definition, comorbidities, causes, and burden. American Journal of Managed Care, 22(7), 176-185.

Benjamin, O., & Lappin, S. L. (2020). [Data set]. Web.

Coen, P. M., Carnero, E. A., and Goodpaster, B. H. (2018). Exercise and bariatric surgery: An effective therapeutic strategy. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 46(4), 262-270.

Lee, E. J., Jang, H. N., Cho, H. S., Bae, E., Lee, T. W., Chang, S. H., & Park, D. J. (2018). The incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcomes of acute kidney injury (staged using the RIFLE classification) associated with intravenous acyclovir administration. Renal Failure, 40(1), 687-692.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Very well written and very impressed with this service!
Customer 453077, February 16th, 2022
Usually, references need to be within the past 5 years. Thank you :)
Customer 452547, July 16th, 2021
Business Studies
Paper is great. Just only needed the one reference. Thank you
Customer 453139, May 4th, 2022
Health Care
The writer did not follow my choice of topic (Food/Water Insecurity, Hunger, & Poverty), the paper was instead written about Climate Change in Africa. However, the paper was still great and informative. Thank you!
Customer 452777, January 28th, 2022
Paper much better compared to the one prior revision request. References need to be no more than the past 5 years.
Customer 452547, July 20th, 2021
Thank you!!! I received my order in record timing.
Customer 452551, February 9th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
My son and I have been sick for two weeks, of course at the end of my semester. I am so grateful that myhomeworkgeeks were able to help! Both papers got A's and I couldn't be more thrilled! Thank you so much and don't forget to tip your writer!
Customer 453077, February 22nd, 2022
Nice work
Customer 453185, May 21st, 2022
Professions and Applied Sciences
Thanks. This helps a lot. Was a bit late but some cushion was given.
Customer 453015, February 10th, 2022
Health Care
awesome work
Customer 452777, October 14th, 2021
It was gotten well after time I needed to make needed additions, but it is something that did help me. I could not get the concept of ho to start such a project but now reading this, I was over thinking the project it seems.
Customer 452801, July 19th, 2021
Social Sciences
Very fast report with excellent information on the topic. Thank you for your speedy service in such a short time.
Customer 453213, June 15th, 2022
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp