Physician-Assisted Suicide: Ethical Dilemma and Stakeholders

Table of Contents

Ethical Dilemma and Stakeholders

Is it morally or ethically wrong to institute PAS? This is the first ethical dilemma. If the State will pass a law legalizing PAS, what will be the safeguards? Who is the ultimate judgment regarding the patient’s right to live or die? This is the second ethical dilemma.

Safeguards in the Oregon Statutes

There is no constitutionally protected right with regards to PAS. However, it is essential to add safeguards because PAS is prone to abuse. No matter how clinical it may sound, at the end of the day, PAS is a license to kill. The God-given power to kill had been transferred to the hands of physicians. A cursory overview of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act will reveal several safeguards. There must be a waiting period before the terminally ill patient can avail of PAS. At least two physicians must concur that the patient will probably die within six months. Request for PAS can only be approved after a written request has been made. Request for PAS is approved after the patient went through the process of informed consent.

There are three major stakeholders in this case. The first stakeholder is the terminally ill patient that requested PAS. The second significant stakeholders are the terminally ill patients that did not ask for PAS. And finally, the third considerable stakeholders are the physicians who will give sign the documents to facilitate PAS.

From the point of view of the primary stakeholder, the procedures with regards to PAS must be clear and easy to follow. The State must avoid unnecessary delay. From the point of view of the secondary stakeholder, there is fear that PAS can be utilized to hasten the early demise of the uninsured, members of the minority groups, poor people, and ancient patients (Lynn, 1999). With regards to the third major stakeholder, it is almost impossible to determine with exact certainty that the patient is going to die within six months (Feutz-Harter, 2012).


The safeguards have flaws, and due to the absence of a reliable system that could prevent the abuse of PAS, the State must do everything in its power to stop the creation of a law that is similar in nature to the Oregon Death with Dignity Act. The safeguard that requires two physicians to sign on relevant documents is not enough. Even if the State requires a third-party consultant, it is relatively easy to persuade a physician to sign the papers. For example, family members can convince a friend or someone they knew to sign the documents. Another major flaw of the safeguards is seen in the “six-month rule,” wherein the doctors must be sure that the patient is going to die within the said time frame. Medical science has not yet reached a level of sophistication that it can predict the time of death. The Oregon Statute noted that mentally ill patients and those who suffer from depression are not allowed to avail of PAS. However, it is difficult to properly diagnose depressed people. The most problematic aspect of PAS is its tendency to eliminate the incentives needed to improve palliative care. PAS is a quick-fix solution to a problem that requires sensitivity, love, and compassion from family members and from the medical community. In the long run, PAS can do more harm than good. It is also prone to abuse. Everything must be done to block the legislation of this statute.


Feutz-Harter, S. (2012). Legal and ethical standards for nurses. WI: PESI Healthcare.

Lynn, J. (1999). Guidance for mortals. New York: Oxford University Press.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
thank you!
Customer 452947, October 21st, 2021
Usually, references need to be within the past 5 years. Thank you :)
Customer 452547, July 16th, 2021
Business Studies
Thank you very much for a good job done and a quick turn around time.
Customer 452615, March 31st, 2021
Very fast response and did a excellent job.
Customer 453201, May 31st, 2022
Human Resources Management (HRM)
I finished the first deliverable of a project presentation but had no time to finish my second deliverable. The writer revamped my first deliverable and made it much more appealing! Not only was I impressed with the content but I was so grateful for the time they took to redo the background. I have been under a lot of pressure at work and at home so this has been a great service when I have had little time! I appreciate the detail and help! Always on time and always exceeding expectations!
Customer 453077, April 5th, 2022
For some reason I did not get an email that the order was done, but it was on time regardless
Customer 453291, October 16th, 2022
Business Studies
Paper is great. Just only needed the one reference. Thank you
Customer 453139, May 4th, 2022
Criminal Justice
This has been the greatest help while I am recovering from an illness. Thank your team so much.
Customer 452671, May 2nd, 2021
Business Studies
Customer 452985, November 11th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
Customer 453201, October 22nd, 2022
Nice work
Customer 453185, May 21st, 2022
thank you so much
Customer 452749, June 10th, 2021
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp