Pathophysiology of Amenorrhea Case

There have been observed instances when women miss their menstrual cycles. When a woman misses more than three of her menstrual cycles, she is said to be suffering from amenorrhea. Available literature on this condition suggests that it can occur in two stages; primary amenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea is experienced during the adolescent stage when a lady misses some of her menstrual cycles whereas secondary amenorrhea majorly occurs among post-adolescent women still in their childbearing age and later in their menopause.

From the presented case of the 30-year old lady, it is clear that, having missed her menstrual cycles for six months, she is suffering from secondary amenorrhea. It is further stated that, prior to her current condition, the 30-year old lady was suffering from dysmenorrhea and irregular menstrual cycles. The most logical explanation for her current condition may be due to the complications of her earlier irregular cycles and dysmenorrhea. With no information that she had sought any medical attention to her irregular menstruation and dysmenorrhea then, it is possible that this and other secondary factors may have led to her developing amenorrhea. Below is a summary of the different causes of amenorrhea and it is possible that the 30-year old lady may have developed it from among any of them.

Recent studies have concluded that amenorrhea can be as a result of different causes. For instance, there is a universal conclusion among experts that amenorrhea can be as a result of natural causes. Amenorrhea caused due to natural causes majorly arises during pregnancies, during breastfeeding and the years after menopause. There are other conditions that can trigger amenorrhea. For instance, hypothalamic amenorrhea is triggered due to the different levels of reaction of the hypothalamus. There have been studies in recent years that have linked amenorrhea to some medications, drugs and therapies. Specifically, some birth control medications and smoking have been observed to be significantly increasing the chances of an individual developing amenorrhea.

The fact that the 30-year old lady had reportedly had irregular cycles and dysmenorrhea invokes a need for further investigation into what might have caused such conditions. Given the disruptive nature of dysmenorrhea and its costly nature of treatment, there have been efforts from several researchers to detail its causes. The most prevalent cause of dysmenorrhea, as summarized by most researchers, is the production of uterine prostaglandins at excessive levels ( Daniels, Torri, & Desjardins, 2005). Further, these authors state that uterine prostaglandin, usually derived from cyclooxygenase activity, is attributed to be the main cause of the pain in the abdominal area usually exhibited by dysmenorrhea patients. The fact that the 30-year old failed to seek medical attention on how to treat her condition early, indicates that her amenorrhea developed to its current state from her earlier conditions. There is a risk that, without urgent treatment, she risks losing her childbearing capabilities.

About 60% of all women worldwide are estimated to be experiencing dysmenorrhea symptoms (Calis, 2014). Calis further states that of all these, about 10% of them have reportedly been diagnosed with symptoms of acute dysmenorrhea which is the cause of amenorrhea. With almost all studies related to amenorrhea suggesting that its prevalence is relative to different lifestyles, there is a need that proper advice is given to the 30-year lady upon her treatment. If she smokes, she should be advised to quit smoking as it is one of the factors contributing to amenorrhea’s high prevalence. Urgent treatment is necessary to the 30-year old lady’s condition lest she loses her reproductive capabilities.

References

Calis, K. (2014). Dysmenorrhea: practice essentials. Web.

Daniels, S., Torri, S., & Desjardins, P. (2005). Valdecoxib for treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized, double-blind comparison with placebo and naproxen. Journal of general international medicine. Jan 20 (1): 62–67. Web.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Nursing
Paper much better compared to the one prior revision request. References need to be no more than the past 5 years.
Customer 452547, July 20th, 2021
Management
Thank you!!! I received my order in record timing.
Customer 452551, February 9th, 2021
History
Looks great and appreciate the help.
Customer 452675, April 26th, 2021
Nursing
I just need some minor alterations. Thanks.
Customer 452547, February 10th, 2021
Management
Love this writer!!! Great work
Customer 452597, April 5th, 2021
Economics
Nice work
Customer 453185, May 21st, 2022
Humanities
Thank youuuu
Customer 452729, May 30th, 2021
Psychology
Received before the deadline. Great job!
Customer 453027, January 15th, 2022
History
Don't really see any of sources I provided, but elsewise its great, thank you!
Customer 452697, May 8th, 2021
Business Management
Awesome job, Thank you
Customer 453201, June 12th, 2022
English 101
IThank you
Customer 452631, April 6th, 2021
Psychology
Came in as promissed. Good paper.
Customer 453027, January 6th, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
AllEscortAllEscort
Live ChatWhatsApp
AllEscort