Miami-Dade County Health Promotion Project

Table of Contents

Introduction

All people are vulnerable to diseases and health problems in different ways. However, the multiple cases demonstrate some general tendencies and propensities for people to acquire health problems, depending on their ethnic, racial, age, or geographic group. For example, the Native American reservation population often has limited access to medical services and is more likely to abuse alcohol than other ethnic groups (Matamonasa-Bennett, 2017). Understanding these nuances is essential for healthcare providers as it enables them to influence the sources of the problem and promote public health. For this reason, the purpose of this paper is to study the characteristics of the population of Miami-Dade County and propose measures for the health promotion of the community.

Demographics of Miami-Dade County Population

Studying the population’s characteristics should start with their demographic features since they help understand the most needed medical services. Miami-Dade County is the most populous in Florida and has 13.1% of the state’s population, or approximately 2.665 million inhabitants (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2019). At the same time, the district is inhabited by representatives of different races such as American Indian / Alaskan Native, Asians, Pacific Islander / Hawaiian, and even several officially recognized tribes. However, 75% of the inhabitants are White, and almost 19% of the population are Black / African American ( Florida Department of Health, 2019).

In addition, 66% of residents are of Hispanic descent. These characteristics demonstrate that healthcare providers must have cultural competence and understand the aspects of care for patients with different cultural backgrounds. The percentage of the population that is considered vulnerable is relatively high since 23% of residents are children under 19 being 23% and 15% are people over 65 (Florida Department of Health, 2019). Thus, the data demonstrate that Miami-Dade County has many potential patients who require healthcare services.

Socioeconomic Characteristics

However, socioeconomic indicators more accurately reflect problem areas, since most often, people with low income and education have limited access to health services and live in conditions that cause disease. Miami-Dade County residents have an intermediate level of education as almost 19% of the population over the age of 25 do not have a high school education, and only 30% have a bachelor’s degree (Florida Legislature Office of Economic and Demographic Research, 2020).

This feature demonstrates that a significant part of the population may not know basic health problems and their avoidance. In addition, almost 20% of the general population and 27% of children live below the federal poverty line (Florida Legislature Office, 2020; Florida Department of Health, 2019). Such indicators demonstrate that a significant part of Miami-Dade County residents cannot afford nutritious food and living conditions beneficial to health. However, 92% of the population under the age of 18 and over 65, and 76% of people between 18 and 64 have health insurance (Florida Legislature Office, 2020; Florida Department of Health, 2019). Consequently, most of the population has access to disease prevention and treatment measures.

Environmental Hazards

In general, Miami-Dade County has good climatic conditions for health promotion as it has a warm climate, access to the ocean, and developed infrastructure. However, there are physical threats such as air pollution, severe housing problems, and a long commute. High numbers of the population need significant amounts of personal vehicles, which pollutes the air in cities and reduces people’s mobility (Florida Department of Health, 2019).

Limited physical activity leads to obesity, heart disease, and diabetes, and air pollution can cause lung disease. This statement also supports the fact that heart disease, stroke, cancer, and chronic lower respiratory disease are the leading causes of death in Miami-Dade County (University of Miami Hospital and Clinics, 2019). At the same time, since part of the population has a low level of income, they cannot have personal vehicles, which hinders their access to medical services. In addition, Florida has the third-highest rate of homeless people, and the problem in Miami-Dade County is particularly noticeable due to the high population in general. This factor also significantly affects the access of people to medical services, although the district has centers of assistance and shelters.

Risk Factors of Morbidity and Mortality

The main risk factors of morbidity and mortality are not the environment but the population’s lifestyle and the difference between income levels. One of the main problems is overweight, which almost 40% of Miami-Dade County residents had in 2016. It is a risk factor for diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and even accidental injury. Obese and overweight is a consequence of low mobility, overeating, and unhealthy eating habits that are easy to avoid. Smoking is the second problem alongside air pollution as 12.3 percent of adults were smokers in 2016, and a third of teens tried some form of tobacco consumption in 2018 (Florida Department of Health, 2019). This risk factor leads to the development of chronic lung diseases, asthma, and cancer.

Alcohol consumption is also a cause of heart, vascular, and liver diseases, as well as accidents and unintentional injuries. Consequently, drinking is a risk factor for mortality and morbidity as 18% of Miami-Dade County residents in 2016 were engaged in heavy or binge drinking (Florida Department of Health, 2019). Another reason is income inequality because a large part of the population has limited opportunities for healthy eating and receiving preventive measures and treatment.

For this reason, many people seek medical help too late and die from cancer or chronic diseases. The impact of these risk factors is confirmed by the ranking of death causes in Miami-Dade County which includes heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic lower respiratory disease, and unintentional injury (University of Miami Hospital and Clinics, 2019). Thus, these statistics demonstrate that the influence of most factors can be reduced through social and educational work with the population.

Access to Healthcare

The overall population of Miami-Dade County has a high rating for access to health services. As noted earlier, 76% to 92% of the people, depending on age, have health insurance covering essential medical services (Florida Legislature Office, 2020; Florida Department of Health, 2019). Moreover, the number of facilities is also sufficient to cover various health care needs of people. In total, Miami-Dade County has 3,326 medical institutions, including health care clinics, nursing homes, hospitals, rehabilitation agencies, centers for children and adolescents, as well as other facilities for different population groups and diseases (Florida Department of Health, 2019).

In addition, the number of institutions is growing, and only dentists, internal medicine physicians, and obstetricians/ gynecologists have a slight decline in number (Florida Department of Health, 2019). Consequently, the majority of the population gets access to health services and information resources. The exceptions are people without insurance, low incomes, homeless people, and tribal and rural area residents who have limited access to healthcare facilities due to the high cost of services or remoteness.

Health Promotion Activities

An analysis of the population of Miami-Dade County showed that the main problems of health promotion are related to people’s lifestyles and economic inequality.

Healthcare providers and organizations can promote an active lifestyle, smoking, and alcohol cessation by conducting lessons in schools, institutions, and organizing events. The county’s authorities can also help increase the price of alcohol and tobacco, which can reduce their consumption and develop infrastructure for walking, cycling, and sports. At the same time, mitigating inequality is a more complex problem that requires resources and efforts from the authorities and people.

However, health facilities can offer free screening, prevention, and treatment services to people who do not have access to them due to lack of insurance, high cost, and remoteness. In addition, healthcare organizations should conduct activities to increase the population’s awareness of the basic concepts and rules of health promotion. In this way, these health promotion activities contribute to the well-being of all Miami-Dade County residents.

Conclusion

Therefore, the Miami-Dade County population’s main public health problems are limited access to health resources due to economic inequality, inactive lifestyle, alcohol consumption, and smoking. These shortcomings lead to the fact that a significant part of the population acquires diseases or dies from health problems that could have been avoided. However, to implement prevention, the authorities need to provide access to health services and infrastructure for an active lifestyle. At the same time, healthcare organizations have to ensure education about basic health problems, their risk factors, prevention, and treatment. In this way, the people of Miami-Dade County will be able to reduce morbidity and mortality and improve their health conditions and well-being.

References

Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County. (2019). 2019 Community health assessment Miami-Dade County, Florida. Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County. Web.

Florida Legislature Office of Economic and Demographic Research. (2020). . Florida Legislature Office of Economic and Demographic Research. Web.

Matamonasa-Bennett, A. (2017). “The poison that ruined the nation”: Native American men—alcohol, identity, and traditional healing. American Journal of Men’s Health, 11(4), 1142–1154. Web.

University of Miami Hospital and Clinics. (2019). Community health needs assessment 2019-2021. Health. Web.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Business Management
Awesome job, Thank you
Customer 453201, June 12th, 2022
Nursing
It was a very long paper, but she followed all the instructions, and she even finished the paper 5 days before the due date. Will write an essay with her again, thanks!
Customer 452967, November 27th, 2021
Health Care
awesome work
Customer 452777, October 14th, 2021
History
Looks great and appreciate the help.
Customer 452675, April 26th, 2021
Criminal Justice
The paper was not accused of plagiarism and was written very well. I will let you know the grade once it is graded. Thank you
Customer 452671, April 26th, 2021
Emergency Management
Overall, I think it's a great service. I have yet to submit the assignment, so I don't know what kind of grade I'll get. But customer service was excellent. Reviews were made and the assignment proofed for satisfaction.
Customer 453015, December 15th, 2021
Nursing
I just need some minor alterations. Thanks.
Customer 452547, February 10th, 2021
Psychology
thank you!
Customer 452947, October 21st, 2021
Education
N/A
Customer 453057, May 23rd, 2022
IT, Web
Awesome paper in such a short amount of time. Was in a jam with another service who didn't deliver, but Theresa did the job correctly. I will use her again to do my essays for sure!
Customer 452967, November 27th, 2021
Nursing
thank you so much
Customer 452749, June 10th, 2021
Health Care
The writer did not follow my choice of topic (Food/Water Insecurity, Hunger, & Poverty), the paper was instead written about Climate Change in Africa. However, the paper was still great and informative. Thank you!
Customer 452777, January 28th, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
AllEscortAllEscort
Live ChatWhatsApp
AllEscort