Kurt Lewin’s and Lippitt’s Change Theories

Table of Contents

Introduction

Change is an important aspect of the healthcare practice. Healthcare organizations are continually faced with new concepts that require system adjustment. In order to align with the changes and operate optimally, healthcare organizations require strategies to guide the change process (Kritsonis, 2005). Knowledge of change theory and the theory’s framework is paramount in ensuring success in the change process. This paper discusses Lewin’s change theory and Lippitt’s theory of change.

Kurt Lewin’s Change Theory

Kurt Lewin is commonly referred to as the father of psychology. Lewin’s change theory is based on a three-stage model. The model is called the unfreezing-change-refreeze model. The theory stipulates that there are different forces that result in the change process (Kaminski, 2011). The theory is based on three concepts, which include the driving forces, restraining forces, and equilibrium forces. The driving forces facilitate the process of change. The driving forces direct change to the expected direction. The restraining forces oppose the change process. Equilibrium entails the balance between the driving and the restraining forces.

Lippitt’s Change Theory

Lippitt’s change theory is based on a seven-step process (Kritsonis, 2005). The seven steps include identification of the problem, assessment of the motivational factors, identification of the capacity for the change, the commitment to the change process, the role of change agents, the process of maintaining the change, and finally the termination of the change agent. The final process happens when the change is integrated into the culture.

Similarities between the two Theories

The theories apply similar approaches to achieve change; the core issue is to ensure that change is effective. Lewin’s change theory is rational and goal-oriented. Similarly, Lippitt’s change theory is goal-oriented. The second similarity is that Lewin’s theory is a three-stage process that includes unfreezing, change, and refreezing. On the other hand, Lippitt’s change theory is an expansion of the three stages; it breaks the three stages into seven steps (Kritsonis, 2005). The two theories depend on a change agent to drive the change process. For example, Lewin’s theory requires a change agent to move the change from equilibrium while Lippitt’s approach requires a change agent to ensure that change is accepted and spreads it to all parts of the system. The two theories are based on the motivation and capacity of the organization to accommodate the change.

Differences

Lewin’s change theory is based on three forces that determine the direction of the change. The theory is centered on an external agent of change. Lippitt’s change theory targets the spread of change to all units of the system. According to Kaminski (2011), the change is initiated in all sections of the system. This is contrary to Lewin’s theory in which the change starts from equilibrium. The other difference is that Lewin’s theory ensures that change is made a habit by refreezing. This entails the application of reinforcing measures to avoid backsliding. This is unlike Lippitt’s change theory in which the final stage is the withdrawal of the change agent. The other difference is that Lippitt’s theory is based on the introduction of an external agent to effect the change while Lewin’s theory depends on internal mechanisms to plan and execute the change.

Application of Lewin’s Change Theory in Clinical Setting

In the clinical setting, the adoption of an electronic information system is critical to reducing medical errors. However, many healthcare organizations have not embraced the change; they still use the manual system, which is prone to errors. In order to facilitate the change, the first step is unfreezing. This involves the identification of the method that is to be applied to initiate the change. The stage includes the creation of the necessity for the change. For instance, electronic clinical documentation reduces medical errors. The second step entails the change process. This involves the introduction of the new methods to serve as drivers of the change. The last stage is refreezing. In this stage, the intended change is established as a new habit and part of the operating procedure in the organization (Kritsonis, 2005). Refreezing entails reinforcing the new behaviors to avoid a possible backslide.

Lewin’s theory is based on a simple model. The model helps in the identification of the problem that needs to be changed through the unfreezing phase. The model helps the proponents of the change to examine the various forces that may aid or slow the change process. Furthermore, the rate of acceptance is high because the change starts within the system, unlike Lippitt’s change theory in which an external agent affects the change.

Conclusion

Lewin’s model of unfreezing-change-refreezing is best suited for personal and organizational change. The theory is based on the concept of driving, retraining, and equilibrium forces. The major setback of the theory is that for the change to happen, the change agent must be sufficient. Therefore, for the change to be successful, the driving forces should be enough to overcome the restraining forces.

References

Kaminski, J. (2011). Theory applied to informatics: Lewin’s Change Theory. Canadian Journal of Nursing Informatics, 6 (1), 2-19.

Kritsonis, A. (2005). Comparison of Change Theories. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 8 (1), 1-7.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
History
Looks great and appreciate the help.
Customer 452675, April 26th, 2021
History
Don't really see any of sources I provided, but elsewise its great, thank you!
Customer 452697, May 8th, 2021
Nursing
Thank you
Customer 453087, March 5th, 2022
English 101
great summery in terms of the time given. it lacks a bit of clarity but otherwise perfect.
Customer 452747, June 9th, 2021
Management
Love this writer!!! Great work
Customer 452597, April 5th, 2021
Social Sciences
Very fast report with excellent information on the topic. Thank you for your speedy service in such a short time.
Customer 453213, June 15th, 2022
Nursing
The writer was timely and proficient. I had to ask for a revision, but I got it back quickly with no other issues. Would use this essay writing service again
Customer 452441, November 14th, 2021
Nursing
It was a very long paper, but she followed all the instructions, and she even finished the paper 5 days before the due date. Will write an essay with her again, thanks!
Customer 452967, November 27th, 2021
Emergency Management
Overall, I think it's a great service. I have yet to submit the assignment, so I don't know what kind of grade I'll get. But customer service was excellent. Reviews were made and the assignment proofed for satisfaction.
Customer 453015, December 15th, 2021
Literature
Thank you!
Customer 453145, April 19th, 2022
Nursing
thank you so much
Customer 452749, June 10th, 2021
Health Care
The writer did not follow my choice of topic (Food/Water Insecurity, Hunger, & Poverty), the paper was instead written about Climate Change in Africa. However, the paper was still great and informative. Thank you!
Customer 452777, January 28th, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
AllEscortAllEscort
Live ChatWhatsApp
AllEscort