Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory and Duffy’s Quality Caring Model

Table of Contents

Introduction

Modern healthcare is steadily moving from hospital-centered care and towards an emphasis on the patient’s experiences, to having them fully participating in the process of healthcare (Kelly et al., 2018). With that in mind, new models of nursing and care are becoming increasingly prominent. The concept of comfort is very important in the successful practice of medicine, as the absence of such is associated with decreased healthcare outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to reflect on Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory (KCT) about Duffy’s Quality Caring Model (QCM).

Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory

KCT was developed by Kolcaba in 1994 as a derivative of Watson’s theory of human care. It explains comfort as one of the fundamental needs in a patient, describing it as a need for relief and transcendence over pain and any other factors deemed stressful (Alligood, 2017). Its importance comes not only from the physical and spiritual wellness that it brings but also from the ability to enhance health-restoring behaviors (Alligood, 2017). Thus, bringing comfort to patients is deemed as one of the nurse’s main prerogatives as part of holistic care.

Due to the theory’s association with Watson’s theory of care, it successfully identifies all four elements of the nursing paradigm. Comfort can relate to various aspects of care, including physical, spiritual, socio-economic, and environmental aspects of such (Alligood, 2017). Reducing tension in these areas is associated with improved healthcare outcomes, greater degrees of nurse-patient trust, and the reduction of harmful health effects (Alligood, 2017). At the same time, the achievement of comfort in a patient is considered one of the factors in successful nursing interventions.

It is possible to see how KCT became increasingly popular in various nursing settings. The achievement of comfort is particularly useful when providing long-term or terminal care, in diseases that are either extremely painful or impossible to cure. In those situations, the effectiveness of treatment is, in many ways, determined by the levels of comfort achieved in a patient (Alligood, 2017). In terminal diseases, in particular, patients often prefer comfort to the effectiveness of prolonging one’s life, if all it means is extending their pain and suffering.

Duffy’s Quality Caring Model

Duffy’s Quality Caring Model stems from the same source as KCT, borrowing heavily from Watson’s theory of care. The emphasis of the model is on making the patient feel cared for, which is said to improve nursing outcomes while reaffirming positive emotional rewards for nurses (Alligood, 2017). As a result, all parties achieve comfort, which connects Duffy’s QCM with KCT, at least on a conceptual level.

QCM focuses on nursing-patient relationships, involving 8 caring factors, which include collective problem-solving, improving the environment, reassurance, respect, encouragement, appreciation of patient uniqueness, addressing specific and basic human needs (Alligood, 2017). Trust and comfort are achieved because of the mutual experiences between a patient and a nurse. Feelings of satisfaction in nurses stem from these achievements, improving organizational commitment, and the desire to stay in the profession.

The implicit connection between the theory and the model becomes apparent when one perceives the application of both in practice. KCT acts as an overarching theory, formulating the basic motives and tenets of nurse operation. QCM, on the other hand, provides a model of operation between family, nurses, and patients, ensuring the continuity of care between different stakeholders.

Conclusions

KCT and QCM provide comfort and care to patients. They are the natural developments from Watson’s theory of care, therefore share numerous similarities. It is possible to apply both alongside each other in a healthcare setting. KCT and QCM are best used in geriatric, long-term, and terminal care.

References

Alligood, M. R. (2017). Nursing theorists and their work. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Kelly, M., Dowling, M., & Millar, M. (2018). The search for understanding: The role of paradigms. Nurse Researcher, 25(4), 9-13.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Psychology
Came in as promissed. Good paper.
Customer 453027, January 6th, 2022
Education
N/A
Customer 453057, May 23rd, 2022
Humanities
Thank youuuu
Customer 452729, May 30th, 2021
English 101
thank you for the excellent work
Customer 452883, October 29th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Very well written and very impressed with this service!
Customer 453077, February 16th, 2022
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Always great! My son has been in critical health these last few semesters. Many times I have thought he wasn't going to make it and thought about quitting or postponing school until he was healthier but it always happens to be in the middle of the semester. This service has been a lifesaver for my mindset in helping keep my grades up and keep my son alive at the same time. I don't know if I could have made it through this period without it.
Customer 453077, June 6th, 2022
Psychology
Received before the deadline. Great job!
Customer 453027, January 15th, 2022
Classic English Literature
It was my first time using such a service. Essay was good and nicely formatted.
Customer 452441, February 16th, 2022
Psychology
Thank you!
Customer 452545, February 6th, 2021
Nursing
I just need some minor alterations. Thanks.
Customer 452547, February 10th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
awesome work
Customer 453201, June 15th, 2022
Business Studies
Thank you so much! I had to take my dog to the ER and had no time for the assignment. I really appreciate your help! I can't thank you enough! I really appreciate the work and integrity put into it. Thank you for taking it seriously and not bullshiting the paper.
Customer 452815, July 26th, 2021
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp