Analyzed and provided relevant information pertaining to all parts of the chosen population. Provide relevant information (demographics, social factors, income, and access to health care) pertaining to your chosen population (Hispanic population).
There are several facts that should be clarified to prove that the Hispanic population is challenged by the healthcare system developed in the USA.
Demographic Facts (National center for health statistics, 2016; Patten, 2016; Stepler & Brown, 2016):
- 2014: 55 million Hispanics lived in the USA
- 17.3% of the total US population are Hispanics
- 1/3 of Hispanics are younger than 18
- The age of 14.6 million is between 18 and 33
- Reasons for death: cancer, heart disease, and accidents
- Mortality: 301.9/100.000
- Live birth: 72.1/1000
- 16.45% of smokers aged 18 and more
Social Factors and Income Information
- 54% – married, 36% – never married, 10% – widowed/divorced
- 45% – no high education, 55% – high education, 10% – bachelor
- Family income is about $26,000
- Poverty and richness are on the same level
- 26% of Hispanic families live in poverty
- High-risk social status is about 74%
- Low-social occupation is about 26%
- An important role in the US voting system in 2016
Health Care Access
- ¼ of Hispanic adults lack a healthcare provider
- 4/5 of Hispanics use TV and radio healthcare information
- Lower prevalence of chronic diseases
- High prevalence of diabetes
- 30% were born in the United States
- 45% have health insurance
- 32% of adults: no regular healthcare provider
- 77% of Hispanics: excellent or good healthcare
Present key findings and identify four issues related to the selected population. Analyzed and suggested implications (four risk factors) for community health nursing related to local, national, and global settings.
Health nursing could be discussed on local, national, and global levels. The Hispanic population has to understand the impact of each risk factor in human life and use the opportunities that are appropriate.
Presence/Absence of a Usual Healthcare Provider (Local)
- People want to have a usual healthcare provider
- 30% of foreign-born Hispanics have a healthcare provider
- 42% of uninsured Hispanics
- Language barriers define healthcare
- 32% of Spanish-speaking Hispanics lack healthcare
- 19% of English-speaking Hispanics lack healthcare
- 11% of Hispanics find healthcare costs prohibitive
- Provider absence does not equal insurance absence
Quality of Health Care (National) and Healthcare Information Sources (Global)
- Healthcare quality should be improved
- Innovation technologies could improve healthcare
- Medical workers communication plays an important role
- Medical workers should be high educated
- TV, radio, and the Internet are healthcare sources
- Hispanic people search for information online
- Global sources should be checked
- Television has power over people
Health Disparities in Nursing (National)
- Racial inequalities matter
- Origins define the possibility of healthcare insurance
- Employment influences healthcare insurance
- Medical workers should speak different languages
- Origins determine the possibilities of diseases
- Nursing workforce diversity also matters
- Racial/ethnic minorities have to be respected
- Medical organizations have to move forward
Suggest implications for community health nursing
Several ideas on how to improve the current healthcare system for Hispanic people who live in the USA are developed.
Work with Communities
- Promote the exchange of information
- Share personal experience
- Use various media sources.
- Rely on credible materials
- Ask questions and give answers.
- Involve people of various races and origins
- Discuss governmental funding
- Involve government into healthcare discussions
Consideration of Education Levels
- Help people get access to education.
- Explain the importance of education in nursing
- Evaluate the current possibilities of Hispanics
- Promote language development among different communities
- Compare education levels of current medical workers.
- Discuss the importance of healthcare with students
- Analyze unemployment rates and give explanations
- Never stay indifferent to other people’s problems.
Suggest areas of research for the chosen population-based on weekly readings and lectures. Analyzed and suggested two areas of research about chosen population
First Research Area: Health Disparities in Nursing (Phillips & Malone, 2014)
Nowadays, people want to believe that they get rid of disparities and inequalities. However, it is not actually true because there are many communities and populations that cannot find the required portion of support because of their race and ethnicity. It is important to investigate the grounds of inequalities and underline the facts that help to improve the current situation.
- The task is to reduce health disparities.
- Abilities for people to improve their health
- Importance to get treatment any time
- Demographic trends grow rapidly.
- Disparities in health care exist today.
- Connection of health outcomes with ethnic diversities
- Diversity in the nursing workforce bothers many people.
- Funding and support policies are required.
Second Research Area: Hispanic Population Healthcare Innovations (Chin et al., 2012; Health care innovations for Hispanic populations, 2015; Truong, Paradies, & Priest, 2014)
There are many innovations that could be offered to Hispanic population healthcare. People have to understand their roles and impact on health care and take steps to improve the quality of healthcare and nursing.
- Healthcare quality should be improved.
- Hispanic health care has its measures.
- Healthcare requires new solutions and improvements.
- Cultural competency matters in healthcare
- Intervention effectiveness depends on all healthcare workers.
- Minority health should not be a problem.
- Patient navigation is a new idea to try.
- Engagement of families in health care matters
Chin, M.H., Clarke, A.R., Nocon, R.S., Casey, A.A., Goddu, A.P., Keesecker, N.M., & Cook, S.C. (2012). A roadmap and best practices for organizations to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 27(8), 992-1000.
National center for health statistics. (2016). Web.
Patten, E. (2016). Web.
Phillips, J.M. & Malone, B. (2014). Increasing racial/ethnic diversity in nursing to reduce health disparities and achieve health equity. Public Health Reports, 129(2), 45-50.
Stepler, R. & Brown, A. (2016). Web.
Truong, M., Paradies, Y., & Priest, N. (2014). Interventions to improve cultural competency in healthcare: A systematic review of reviews. BMC Health Services Research. Web.