FDA Regulation of Ends Analysis

Table of Contents

Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) first appeared on the U.S. market in 2007. Since then, they have gained increasing popularity and have been used by smokers as a substitute for tobacco products. E-cigarettes were not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) until 2014 when the FDA considered regulating ENDS by the same rules as tobacco products. At present, in 2016 FDA regulates both tobacco products and ENDS.

Specific Details and Sponsor of the Regulations

The new FDA regulations concern not only ENDS (e.g., electronic cigarettes, e-pipes, vape pens, etc.) and parts or components of them, but also their import, manufacturing, labeling, sale, and promotion. Nevertheless, if a product is used for therapy for quitters, then it is regulated by the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2016). To manufacture any of the listed ENDS, one must consider the new requirements, such as FDA authorization, a listing of ingredients, establishment(s) registration, and many others.

The sponsor of the new regulations is the FDA. Because ENDS were not regulated at first, their safety with regard to public health was questioned. To prevent any risks to e-cigarette smokers, the FDA “would regulate e-cigarettes for tobacco cessation… and this would require rigorous safety and efficacy studies” (Bhatnagar, Whitsel, Ribisl, Bullen, & Chaloupka, 2014, p. 1426). Due to these regulations, the vapor market in the United States is expected to produce safer and more reliable products.

Statements in the Public Record

As often happens, opinions about the regulations were divided. The American Heart Association stressed the modest impact of e-cigarettes on probable tobacco cessation, claiming that their effect is “likely equal to or slightly better than that of nicotine patches without behavioral support” (Bhatnagar et al., 2014, p. 1427). Nathan K. Cobb (2014) wrote that e-cigarettes can only displace tobacco products if they are “relatively convenient, satisfying, and inexpensive” (p. 1470). Before the final regulation of ENDS, Camille K. Gourdet examined how state laws had governed e-cigarettes. Thirty-four states regulated them, twenty-two regulated youth access to e-cigarettes, and twelve focused on smoke-free air (Gourdet et al., 2014, p. 337). Riccardo Polosa wrote an article on youthful smokers of e-cigarettes, stating that “experimentation of e-cigarettes in non-smoking high school students is very low, at about 0·4%… none of the students adopted e-cigarettes as a regular behavior” (Polosa, 2013, p. 583). Michael Siegel, a professor at the School of Public Health, argued the advantages of the new regulations, and drew attention to the FDA’s prohibition of improvements in the products, thus triggering safety hazards for their users (Siegel, 2016, p. 26). As the above statements show, regulations have become a widely discussed issue, both in magazines and on the Internet.

Reasons Behind and Impact of Regulations

There are several major reasons for these regulations. First, they could indeed help chain-smokers quit smoking; second, they help the FDA prevent delivery of other drugs in vaping products; and third, they can help increase quality control during the manufacturing process (Bhatnagar et al., 2014, p. 1426). Nonetheless, these regulations will have an impact on the prices of e-cigarettes: If combustible products are cheaper than e-cigarettes, it is possible that they will be preferred by consumers. Health insurance companies will treat people who smoke combustible and e-cigarettes equally. It is also doubtful that society will shift exclusively to e-cigarettes, although they will most likely help reduce the harm of second-hand smoke (Bhatnagar et al., 2014, p.1421). Electronic cigarettes, used as a cessation aid, will be safer, due to strict control over their manufacturing.


The new FDA regulations will help to control manufacturers of vaping products and the quality of these products. In addition, wider usage of e-cigarettes can also help reduce chain-smoking, although to a small degree. However, some specific details of the regulations can increase the health hazard offered by these products, and bring damage to consumers.


Bhatnagar, A., Whitsel, L., Ribisl, K., Bullen, C., & Chaloupka, F. (2014). Electronic cigarettes: a policy statement from the American Heart Association. Dallas, TX: the American Heart Association.

Cobb, N., & Abrams, D. (2014). The FDA, E-Cigarettes, and the Demise of Combusted Tobacco. The New England Journal of Medicine, 371, 1469-1471.

Gourdet, C., Chriqui, J., & Chaloupka, F. (2014). A baseline understanding of state laws governing e-cigarettes. Tob Control, 23, 337-340.

Polosa, R. (2013). Time for evidence-based e-cigarette regulation. The Lancet Oncology, 14, 582-583.

Siegel, M. (2016). POV: New FDA Regulations on Vaping Products a Failure. BU Today, 2(2), 26.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2016). Web.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Very well written and very impressed with this service!
Customer 453077, February 16th, 2022
Health Care
The writer did not follow my choice of topic (Food/Water Insecurity, Hunger, & Poverty), the paper was instead written about Climate Change in Africa. However, the paper was still great and informative. Thank you!
Customer 452777, January 28th, 2022
It's the second time I use this service and it does not let me down. Work quality is so good for its price!
Customer 452985, December 3rd, 2021
English 101
IThank you
Customer 452631, April 6th, 2021
Thank you. No issues
Customer 453139, April 17th, 2022
It was gotten well after time I needed to make needed additions, but it is something that did help me. I could not get the concept of ho to start such a project but now reading this, I was over thinking the project it seems.
Customer 452801, July 19th, 2021
Business Studies
First of all, the writer made sure that he completely understood my assignment and all the guidelines before he began writing. My paper was finished very fast and well before the specified deadline. I thought it was written excellently. He definitely completely grasped the topic. Overall, he is a great writer and I couldn't have asked for better.
Customer 452441, November 29th, 2021
Love this writer!!! Great work
Customer 452597, April 5th, 2021
Very fast response and did a excellent job.
Customer 453201, May 31st, 2022
Business Studies
Thank you very much for a good job done and a quick turn around time.
Customer 452615, March 31st, 2021
quick, fast and exact!
Customer 453027, May 24th, 2022
English 101
very good paper thank you.
Customer 453083, February 18th, 2022
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp