“Family-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Interventions” the Article by Ash, T., Agaronov, A., Young, T., Aftosmes-Tobio, A., & Davison, K. K.

Abstract

The research conducted by Ash, Agaronov, Young, Aftosmes-Tobio, and Davison (2017) aimed to explore family-based childhood obesity prevention interventions in a variety of settings and geographical locations. The choice of the problem was associated with the availability of a large range of interventions used for managing and preventing childhood obesity. Because of the direct influence of parents on the success of weight management interventions, the researchers wanted to explore how effective programs involving parents would be.

Problem

While specific research questions were not included in the published article, the aim of Ash et al.’s (2017) systematic review was “to profile the existing family-based childhood obesity prevention interventions and identify any gaps in knowledge that should be addressed in the future” (p. 113). Ash et al. (2017) did not define the key terms of the study since their aim was to provide a content analysis of available studies.

The authors hypothesized that despite the wide availability of research on childhood obesity, it was hard to identify gaps in the literature as well as determine best practices from a pragmatic viewpoint. This problem is important in terms of healthcare practice because there is a wide variety of obesity-centered interventions while not many of them address the topic of parents’ involvement in weight loss.

Research Article Critique

Review of Literature

Ash et al.’s (2017) article does not include a substantiative literature review to present the body of available literature on the topic of childhood obesity interventions. It is possible that the authors refrained from an extensive review because of their focus on research analysis rather than its description. In their background section, Ash et al. (2017) offered accounts on the problem in general and mentioned several studies from reputable healthcare organizations (for example, the Institute of Medicine) to illustrate whether progress has been made in the recent efforts of childhood obesity prevention. The cited resources were pertinent to the study because the researchers conducted a review of literature for the purpose of coding. A brief review of the literature was necessary for the authors to suggest content analysis strategies for coding interventions and reviewing them from the perspective of several viewpoints, expressed in the form of guiding questions. The search date was 2008 to account for studies published after the Institute of Medicine report in 2007. The end date for the literature search was December 31, 2015 (Ash et al., 2017). No evidence of bias was seen.

Design and Procedure

Given the fact that childhood obesity is a pervasive problem on a global scale, Ash et al.’s (2017) research are very relevant to the current state of public health. In their study, the researchers chose to implement a systematic review and quantitative content analysis as the key aspects of their non-experimental methodology. Therefore, the study did not include an experiment nor did it test a specific obesity intervention on a population of children and their parents. Since no experiment was conducted, no variables were identified. In order to find studies for their systematic review and conducting a quantitative content analysis, Ash et al. (2017) searched through relevant databases (i.e., CINAHL, PubMed, and PsycINFO). The study was original and did not imply the implementation of pilot research.

As the result of the search, 9152 unique hits were generated; by removing articles on the basis of their exclusion criteria, Ash et al. (2017) were left with 1701 studies for further review. When looking through these articles, the researchers removed all studies that did not meet the criteria for eligibility. Finally, out of the initial 9152 unique research articles, 119 childhood obesity prevention interventions (159 articles) were included in the final sample (Ash et al., 2017). In relation to the purpose of the study, the final sample of 159 unique articles was valuable to the research and content analysis in particular. In order to standardize their process of coding, the researchers developed a codebook that included articles’ publication years, resources of funding, and the types of papers. The researchers coded a large scope of characteristics such as the age of the target groups of children, the setting of interventions, modes of delivery, the use of theoretical frameworks, the geographic region of interventions, the timeframe during which interventions were implemented, and recipients. Coding was the key measurement tool in Ash et al.’s (2017) study. Overall, the process of coding ensured a bias-free selection and analysis for reaching valid and reliable results.

When it comes to the practicality of research, Ash et al. (2017) provided a comprehensive synthesis of available studies on childhood obesity prevention and made it possible to differentiate between the most and the least effective strategies targeted at dealing with the pervasive issue of childhood obesity. The study offered valuable findings in relation to childhood obesity interventions. Thus, the findings supported the purpose of the research. For example, it was found that 56% of all interventions reviewed during content analysis were based in the United States, which points to the persistence of this health issue in the country. Other important findings include the fact that 85% of interventions were implemented in-person and that 63% were federally funded. With regards to the target age groups of childhood obesity interventions, 43% of them included parents with children aged between two and five, 35% of the targeted families with children between six and ten. However, it is important also to note that a minor portion of interventions also targeted families during their prenatal period or when their children reached the age between fourteen and seventeen years old. Theories used to support childhood obesity interventions included the following categories: “social cognitive theory, parenting styles, ecological frameworks, transtheoretical model of behavior change, health belief model, the theory of planned behavior, and others” (Ash et al., 2017, p. 117). This means that all obesity management interventions implemented in family contexts were developed on the basis of existing theoretical frameworks.

The mentioned research findings can be applied in a variety of ways due to the all-encompassing nature of childhood obesity. Taking into attention the characteristics of current interventions for weight management, researchers can use the findings of the study conducted by Ash et al. (2017) when conducting obesity prevention interventions in the future. Looking at the disadvantages of the research that could have been improved, the researchers did not address interventions in low-income countries. This can be a potential for future studies since there is a gap in the available literature in terms of managing childhood obesity in lower-income nations. Also, Ash et al. (2017) failed to address the variable of sleep and media use pertaining to their contribution to childhood obesity. Therefore, the study could have been improved by paying more attention to specific contributors to obesity for providing researchers with a framework for the future exploration of the issue.

Data Analysis and Presentation

Data were analyzed through coding information associated with childhood obesity interventions. The findings supported the purpose and the hypothesis that the researchers initially discussed. Overall, the writing in the article is clear and straightforward, which gives readers an opportunity to focus on the specifics of childhood obesity interventions rather than reading general information. Also, Ash et al. (2017) included graphs and tables in their article to structure relevant information and offer a condensed summary of findings. This addition to the article is especially important because of the inclusion of a large number of criteria necessary for content analysis. As mentioned previously, the findings of the research provided a backdrop for future studies on family-based interventions for overcoming childhood obesity. Importantly, further studies are necessary for bridging the gaps in existing research. This is so because Ash et al. (2017) discussed their inability to address the influence of media use and sleeping patterns on the healthy weight of children.

Conclusions and Implications

It can be summarized that the conclusions of the study relate to its original purpose. Despite the fact that the research had some limitations, it offered a comprehensive look at the synthesis of available literature on the topic of family-based interventions for childhood obesity. Ash et al. (2017) found some important trends relating to obesity management interventions that would directly affect children and families, which present implications for future research.

In my personal assessment, the study is very relevant because today, the problem of childhood obesity continues to grow and affects large portions of the population worldwide. While the implications were not discussed, the researchers recommended focusing on studying childhood obesity interventions among lower-income groups.

Reference

Ash, T., Agaronov, A., Young, T., Aftosmes-Tobio, A., & Davison, K. K. (2017). Family-based childhood obesity prevention interventions: A systematic review and quantitative content analysis. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14, 113-125.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Business and administrative studies
excellent work
Customer 453201, November 1st, 2022
Marketing
I initially had a hard time opening the paper but finally was able to get what i needed.
Customer 453217, October 31st, 2022
Business Studies
Thank you so much! I had to take my dog to the ER and had no time for the assignment. I really appreciate your help! I can't thank you enough! I really appreciate the work and integrity put into it. Thank you for taking it seriously and not bullshiting the paper.
Customer 452815, July 26th, 2021
History
Don't really see any of sources I provided, but elsewise its great, thank you!
Customer 452697, May 8th, 2021
Economics
For some reason I did not get an email that the order was done, but it was on time regardless
Customer 453291, October 16th, 2022
Nursing
The writer was timely and proficient. I had to ask for a revision, but I got it back quickly with no other issues. Would use this essay writing service again
Customer 452441, November 14th, 2021
Psychology
quick and before due date/time.
Customer 453027, January 29th, 2022
Psychology
Thank you!
Customer 452545, February 6th, 2021
Health Care
awesome work
Customer 452777, October 14th, 2021
IT, Web
Awesome paper in such a short amount of time. Was in a jam with another service who didn't deliver, but Theresa did the job correctly. I will use her again to do my essays for sure!
Customer 452967, November 27th, 2021
Nursing
Usually, references need to be within the past 5 years. Thank you :)
Customer 452547, July 16th, 2021
Classic English Literature
It was my first time using such a service. Essay was good and nicely formatted.
Customer 452441, February 16th, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp