Epidemiology: Malaria, AIDS, Hepatitis B in Miami


Characterized with the presence of severe headaches and other changes related to the general condition, malaria is among the diseases responsible for numerous deaths, especially in developing countries. Despite that, this disease also affects people in wealthier countries, including the United States. After eradication, this disease reappeared in the country in the 1950s, but the cases of malaria became quite uncommon due to improved safety measures (Florida Health, 2015).

However, due to the way that malaria is transmitted, its incidence rates in the top immigrant cities such as Miami still need to be reduced. In the twenty-first century, the key outbreaks of malaria in Miami and other cities in Florida were documented in 2003 (eight cases) and 2012 (more than sixty cases) (Florida Health, 2015, para. 6). In both situations, the disease was identified due to unusual flu-like symptoms and the fact that all infected people had visited other countries recently.


No recent outbreaks of the disease in Miami have been reported, but its risks are still higher than those in areas with a lower percentage of the immigrant population. With that in mind, a set of effective measures helping to prevent the importation and transmission of the disease and increase symptom awareness is required. According to the Healthy People 2020 initiatives (IID-1), vaccination should be among the key elements of infectious disease prevention (ODPHP, n.d.b).

Other parts of the plan that helped prevent further spread of malaria in the past and are still used include the provision of patient education concerning the use of repellents, protection from bites, and symptom recognition (Florida Health, 2015). The combination of the aforementioned measures is expected to significantly reduce the risks of malaria for people in Miami.


AIDS belongs to the number of the most dangerous transmittable diseases that affect the work of the immune system. It is widespread in both developed and developing countries, which makes it one of the key causes of death worldwide. In the United States, the number of cities with increased HIV/AIDS rates includes Miami since the city is multinational and a large part of its population is presented by immigrants (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2017).

According to the report prepared by the Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County (2017), the number of new cases of AIDS in some age groups has increased since 2014, with the largest increase in people aged 30-34, 35-39, and 40-44 (p.1). In terms of ethnicity, people of Hispanic origin face the most significant risks – the number of new patients with AIDS among them has grown by almost 20% within the last four years (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2017, p. 1). The disease was identified due to the reports of patients diagnosed with HIV and having abnormal general health symptoms of AIDS.


In order to create an effective plan to prevent the further spread of the disease, it is necessary to consider the Healthy People 2020 initiatives and more specific data concerning high-risk categories in Miami. Based on a range of objectives from HIV-1 to HIV-23, the key focus areas in disease prevention include access to testing and HIV treatment, the use of barrier contraceptives in both heterosexual and homosexual couples, and involvement in behaviors that increase risks (ODPHP, n.d.a).

Apart from these general recommendations, the strategy used for disease prevention in Miami should include education for the most numerous population groups among people with AIDS. They are people of Hispanic origin, gay or bisexual men, and heterosexual women (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2017). Focusing on the reduction of high-risk behaviors in these groups, it will be possible to improve the general situation in the city.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B belongs to the number of liver diseases with dangerous consequences that are common in the United States. The disease being analyzed can be difficult to diagnose due to its specific flu-like symptoms that are not always obvious. According to the report by CDC (2015), Florida belongs to the number of states with the highest incidence levels of hepatitis B in the country. The number of hepatitis B cases in different cities in Florida has significantly increased since 2011, which is demonstrated in the mentioned document (CDC, 2015). Importantly, there are specific categories of people in Miami and other cities that are considered high-risk groups for the disease.

They include the Asian and Hispanic population, the users of injection drugs, homosexual men, recent immigrants, and those who travel on a regular basis (CDC, 2015). The worsening situation with the prevalence of hepatitis B was identified in Miami and Florida in general due to the results of lab tests and patient complaints related to unusual symptoms.


The plan helping to prevent further spread of the disease in Miami should reflect relevant objectives from the Healthy People 2020 project and use the information on risk groups. According to IID-15, the objective proposed by ODPHP (n.d.b), the prevention of hepatitis B with the help of vaccination is especially important in such groups as patients undergoing hemodialysis, homosexual men, and people using injection drugs. Therefore, the plan should be focused on the prevention of high-risk behaviors such as unprotected sexual contacts and the use of infected needles for drug injection.


CDC. (2015). Surveillance for viral hepatitis – United States, 2015. Web.

Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County. (2017). HIV/AIDS surveillance: AIDS cases diagnosed from 2014 to 2016. Web.

Florida Health. (2015). . Web.

ODPHP. (n.d.a). . Web.

ODPHP. (n.d.b). . Web.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Online Academic Experts
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
I just need some minor alterations. Thanks.
Customer 452547, February 10th, 2021
Emergency Management
Overall, I think it's a great service. I have yet to submit the assignment, so I don't know what kind of grade I'll get. But customer service was excellent. Reviews were made and the assignment proofed for satisfaction.
Customer 453015, December 15th, 2021
Business Studies
Paper is great. Just only needed the one reference. Thank you
Customer 453139, May 4th, 2022
Came in as promissed. Good paper.
Customer 453027, January 6th, 2022
I am beyond eager to write this review for this writer. I received a grade of "Mastered"upon first submission on this assignment. I will shout to the rooftops ENCOURAGING you to hire him. I have used other writers but NONE have delivered such awesome work as this writer and NONE of their prices can compare to his. He does not try to "break the bank" and he works hard; it shows in the final paper and the grade. He is simply,THE BEST HERE!!
Customer 452995, November 16th, 2021
English 101
Thank you for this excellent analysis of the Alchemist.
Customer 453213, June 15th, 2022
Business Studies
Customer 452985, November 11th, 2021
It's the second time I use this service and it does not let me down. Work quality is so good for its price!
Customer 452985, December 3rd, 2021
Thank youuuu
Customer 452729, May 30th, 2021
Customer 452591, March 18th, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Although it took 2 revisions I am satisfied but I did receive it late because of that.
Customer 452603, March 25th, 2021
Thank you!!! I received my order in record timing.
Customer 452551, February 9th, 2021
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp